Uganda is a country where health needs are considerable and urgent. For example, the maternal mortality rate is 310 deaths/100,000 live births compared with 6 deaths/100,000 for the UK . There are also very high rates of infant and perinatal mortality. Life expectancy is age 52 compared with a world average of 68. The country suffers in particular from high rates of HIV /Aids, Malaria, TB, Diarrhoea and other water borne diseases.HIV prevalance is 65/1000 adults compared to 8/1000 globally.
The northern parts of Uganda have even higher rates because of the poor economy and a history of insurgency and natural disasters such as recent flooding and drought.